Broiler chicken breeds are birds that are produced commercially for their meat or a market broiler. These birds can also be raised for their eggs on a breeder farm.
Considering two major factors as well as other conditions that must be met in order for the production to be effective. We’ll look at how to choose the ideal broiler for your production in this article.
Broiler chicken farming
Broiler chicken farming is a method of poultry production that is becoming increasingly popular as the demand for meat rises. Broiler chicken breeds are raised for meat production only and attain market weight in 6-8 weeks. Broilers require a specialized feed that is tailored to their requirements, as well as heat and light to grow swiftly.
What is the most common breed of broiler?
- List of broiler chicken breeds
- Cornish cross chicken
- Bresse chicken
- Brown leghorn chicken
- Orpington chicken
- New Hampshire red
3 market types of broilers
Broiler chicken breeds are the most common meat chicken breeds. They’re also known as poultry or fryers. The Cornish broiler is a hybrid between the Cornish and White Rock breeds, resulting in a bird with soft breast flesh. If not provided extra calcium, infants are prone to limb problems as a result of their quick growth pace.
The following are the most common broiler breeds:
Cornish Cross: The most prevalent type of broiler chicken is the Cornish Cross. It has a high rate of feed conversion and well-developed muscle tissue, making it excellent for rapid growth. If not given supplementary calcium, this breed can develop leg difficulties.
New Hampshire: This breed produces a significant amount of carcass and breast meat, but it does not grow as quickly as other breeds.
White Broilers are chickens with white or light colored feathers and legs. Cornish Cross Chickens are also known as Cornish Cross Chickens since they were created by crossing Cornish and White Rock Chickens. They grow swiftly, but their flesh is of low quality due to their huge breasts, which makes them unappealing to some.
What you need to know to select broiler chicken breeds.
Because these birds are intended for commercial meat production, these factors should be considered.
- Feed conversion ratio
- Maximum weight of broiler bird after a period.
These two primary qualities play a huge role in why farmers broiler chicken breeds.
Feed conversion ratio
The amount of feed consumed that can be converted into body weight is determined by the bird’s feed conversion ratio ability.
For example, if Bird A consumes 1.5 kg of feed and produces 1.0 kilogram of body weight, but Bird B consumes the same amount of feed and produces 0.9 kg, the former will be preferred for production.
Most importantly, a high feed conversion ratio indicates that a bird’s performance is more efficient than that of a non-performing bird with a low feed conversion ratio.
Maximum weight gained after a period
Within a given time frame, the maximum weight gained is determined by the feed conversion ratio. Production time is usually 6 weeks, however, it can be up to 8 weeks if marketing is a problem.
After 8 weeks, keeping broilers becomes a cost to you, the producer.
So, what do you do? You choose a breed that will gain weight in the fastest period feasible to match market pricing.
Can a broiler chicken lay eggs?
When you hear the word “broiler,” what comes to mind? If you’re anything like me, the birds grown for meat on factory farms come to mind. The bodies of these birds aren’t designed to lay eggs, and they’re engineered to grow swiftly.
However, not all broiler chickens are the same. Some birds are classified as dual-purpose breeds. They can be utilized to produce both meat and eggs.
A list of dual-purpose broiler chicken breeds follows:
Cornish Cross – This breed was created by crossing Cornish and White Plymouth Rock chickens in England in the 1950s. It’s a fast-growing bird with a high heat and humidity tolerance, making it excellent for industrial farming in hot locations like Florida or California.
New Hampshire Red – This breed was created in the late 1800s in New Hampshire by combining Rhode Island Red chickens with English Dorking stock. It’s a tough bird with white shells that lays brown eggs.
Bronze Campine – This chicken breed was created in Belgium in the 1930s by crossing Barnevelder, Belgian Blue, and French Poulet de Bresse.
Important conditions to take note
- Some breeds are more susceptible to heat stress than others, therefore a hot zone may not be ideal for them.
- Heat stress may compel them to eat less and drink more water, resulting in a lower maximum weight.
- Fatty liver disease is a condition in which the liver is fatty. Some breeds grow so much fat around the liver as a result of ad-libitum feeding that it is a prevalent cause of mortality.
When making your decision, keep in mind the major factors such as the feed conversion ratio and maximum weight.