HomeAgricultureHow to start goat farming

How to start goat farming

What to consider when thinking of venturing into Goat farming. You must consider the below to be a successful Goat farmer;

  • Know the Right Location;

Goats are generally known to do well in warm areas that are well-drained. Besides temperature, space is also vital.

Since Goats live in groups, individual pens are not effective. 

Consider having a bit larger area to allow your animals to roam freely. 

Far away from the urban areas are suitable for goats since the urban pollution can be detrimental to the animal’s health. 

Goats feed on grasses and so, make sure their food source is highly accessible and not too far from the rearing area. 

  • The Land Requirement;

Goats have smaller sizes compared to their bigger counterparts. Hence, on an acre of land with their supply of grass growing at the same time, 2 to 10 goats per acre to raise as a rough guide.

Depending on the land available, other resources, and the system of goat farming, the goats reared could be more.

Goats can also be reared intensively on small acreage by using the supplemental feed. 

  • The particular Goat Breed to use;

There are various breeds that produce more milk while there are others that grow quickly. 

Hence, depending on your purpose, choose the type of breed you want to rear. 

You can also farm both types of breeds and you will be harvesting both meat and milk.  

However, you must note that different breeds need different levels of care. 

So, do research and consult an expert so he/she can guide you to decide what will be best for your goat farm. 

  • Get a Veterinarian: 

When you decide to starting-up a goat farm, your animals are likely to contract diseases. 

Thus, having a veterinarian can help in disease control and management to avoid losses. 

Many types of viral diseases like goat pox, foot and mouth diseases, and bacterial diseases like anthrax, brucellosis, etc. are very dangerous for goats.

 Thus, being in touch with a veterinarian can help prevent these types of diseases as they’ll vaccinate the animals for protection. 

Veterinarians help you recommend vitamins and supplements to keep your animals in good health, especially during stressful situations like the weaning period. 

  • Proper Food and Housing: 

When it comes to food, goats are very choosy. They don’t eat dried or soiled grass.

So, you have to make sure to have enough clean, fresh grass for them so they don’t go hungry. 

Goats are not carnivorous animals. They usually prefer to eat grasses, weeds, plants, shrubs, and herbs. 

Goats also need energy, portion, vitamins, fiber, and water for proper growth. 

About the housing, a well-designed barn or shed and good management will help you to reap all the profit from goat farming. 

Always keep the goat house neat, dry, and clean. Arrange proper ventilation and drainage systems inside the house and ensure the availability of sufficient fresh air and light inside the house. 

  • Good Transportation: 

Find a market near the goat farm to help you to sell your products easily and buy the necessary commodities you need for your farming.

  • Don’t forget the Care and Management: 

Always try to take proper care of your goats. Never feed them contaminated food or polluted water.

 Do clean the goat house on a regular basis. Take extra care of the breeding bucks, kids, and pregnant does. Keep the kids with their mother for several weeks after birth. 

 Artificial insemination is also a good way for breeding the does. 

Vaccinate your goats on a timely basis, to keep them free from all types of diseases and health problems.

Conclusion

Profit from the goat farming business totally depends on the location, farming system used, breeds, feeding cost, and a few other factors. 

Good planning and proper management can actually make goat farming profitable. 

Small-scale farming needs less investment and profit can contribute to your regular income. 

On the other hand, commercial production requires high investment and some other additional costs but has a much higher profit.

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