How to Start Poultry Farming for Beginners in 2022

In this poultry farming for beginners guide, we will expose to you all what poultry farming entails and how you can navigate your way through it.

What is Poultry?

Poultry simply describes domesticated birds confined and reared for commercial purposes or home consumption. Poultry includes birds like chickens, turkeys, ducks, guinea fowl, etc.

What is Poultry Farming?

You may have experienced raising backyard chickens at home as a hobby, feeding the chickens every morning, or providing them food from leftover food, well that is basically a normal routine of sustaining the birds, and such is common on the poultry farm.

Poultry farming as a business entails strategic business planning, good financial analysis, and a good establishment to raise and produce such as meat, eggs, feather, etc.

In this how to start poultry farming for beginners guide we will use more talk about the most popular poultry business which is broiler and layers production.

How much money do I need to start a poultry farm?

The amount of money to start a poultry farm can not be generalized as everything involved in the poultry business keeps changing every now and then. Between GHS 10,000 and 20,000 you can start a poultry farm on a small scale. How much money you need to start a poultry farm can be estimated with respect to the prices of materials in your locality and the capacity of your poultry business.

Is poultry farming profitable?

Is poultry farming a profitable business? YES. Starting poultry farming for beginners can be scary and intimidating especially when you hear of poultry farms that collapsed in your locality. Poultry farming is profitable only when you plan and work things out strategically.

Garbage in garbage out, your input into poultry farming as a business will hundred percent match your output. No two ways about this, you can’t cheat. So, if you are not ready to commit time, resources and most importantly you don’t have the passion do not start a poultry farm. Yes, poultry farming for beginners can be challenging.

Which poultry is most profitable?

Rasing local chickens can be profitable because they can feed on almost anything and don’t need much attention but here lies in the case of the high demand of every aspect of the poultry industry. Producing broilers is very profitable when you have a ready market as well as eggs production.

Is poultry farming easy?

Unless you are going in commercial, in this starting a poultry farming for beginners, we would like to plead with you to start small, learn and grow. It’s not funny but it will amaze you if you dream big, start big and things start to go out of plans.

Basic requirements you need to start poultry farming

The first most important thing you need is a passion before you even think about acquiring the skills to start a poultry farm business. Make a market survey on production cost, market system, and then the poultry product you want to settle.

How to start a poultry farming for beginners

Things to consider to start and run a successful poultry farm.

  • Learn the skills of poultry farming
  • Decide on a major product
  • Analyse your market
  • Write a business plan
  • Find a location
  • Establish a poultry structure
  • Source for production material
  • Set and implement management policies
  • Join Poultry Farmers Network

Learn the skills of poultry farming

Learning the skills of poultry farming is not hard to do. You don’t need a classroom to do this. All you need is time and the will to learn. Find a local poultry farm near you. Visit them regularly and try to build a friendly relationship with the owner. Target small farms and never the big ones because they might not grant you access to enter.

Also, you can volunteer to work or send a letter as an intern to assist with the field, and trust me you will learn a lot from there. Starting a poultry farm business as a beginner without the skills can be frustrating. You can gain knowledge from books, online videos, and even this post you’re reading but the field skills come with a different experience.

Decide on a major product

Deciding on a major product in poultry is one way you can master any of the skills in the poultry farm business. So, let us say you want to go into broiler production and supply poultry meat, day-old chicks production, fertile eggs, or table eggs production. These are some major products in the poultry business you need to master at least one at a time and be known for your expertise in that particular field. As time goes on, you can learn the others.

Analyse your market

Starting this blog, I never thought I will be earning so much audience and even you visiting this website to read this article, poultry farming for beginners. I did my analysis and its true numbers don’t lie. If you are interested in table eggs supply, ask around, visit the marketplace, food vendors in joint areas, or restaurants. Ask how much of that product they consume in a day or in a week. Are their suppliers able to meet demand? These few questions and more can enlighten you to select a poultry product to produce.

Write a business plan for poultry farming

Why do you need a business plan for poultry farming? Everything you do in life needs planning, therefore, never start your poultry farm business without a well-written business plan. Poultry farming for beginners guides pdf download. A business plan will serve as a map for you to navigate through your business. If you need assistance with writing a business plan for your poultry business you can send an e-mail to [email protected] to get a poultry business plan.

Find a location

At the beginning of starting poultry farming for beginners, I made a statement “start small, learn and grow”. You can start your poultry from the backyard of your home. This should be an experimental project. Always find a location closer to you in order to monitor your project.

Establish a poultry structure

Build a structure for your poultry birds. Safety first. Structures can be built from cheap building materials like the aluminum roofing sheet, straws, wood, or any building materials you find in your locality to be cheaper. Once it is conducive for the birds to stay in you are good to go on with your project. Remember start small, learn and grow.

Source for production material

Production materials include the following basic products you will need to start your production.

List of Items You Need to Start A Poultry Farm

Starting poultry farming for beginners; you are expected to get the list of poultry products. You can purchase from our Poultry Store Online or find the following products from your local poultry shops.

Find the complete list HERE

Set and implement management policies

Good working ethics are very important and you need to develop a positive attitude towards work if you want to survive in the poultry business. Have a good time management plan, environment hygiene policy, etc.

Join A Poultry Farm Network

Poultry ABC network is there to help you on whichever platform you are

In Brief – How to Start Poultry Farming For Beginners

  • Learn the skills of poultry farming: Get the skills to set you on track for the business to be succeful .
  • Decide on a major product: Find a poultry product that sells or with high demand in your locality.
  • Analyse your market: Find the potential of your product.
  • Write a business plan: Get a business plan to help you map your journey.
  • Find a location: Always look for a place nearby, safe and easy to access.
  • Establish a poultry structure: Bulid a safe and conducive structure for your poultry birds.
  • Source for production material: Buy the needed poultry materials to start your business.
  • Set and implement management policies: Make list of working policies to help your business succeed.
  • Join Poultry Farmers Network: Having a network of your niche is the best way to grow.


Starting poultry farming for beginners is a collection of poultry farming ideas in general made to assist newbies. You can leave a comment if you have more contributions to this. Thank you for reading.

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