Top 5 Mistakes In Pig Farming To Avoid

Top 5 Mistakes In Pig Farming To Avoid

I witnessed a farm lose its Pig stock due to some dangers of pig farming they didn’t take note of. Pig farming is a very lucrative business to venture into. If you are the busy type of person with less time to care for your pigs you are making a great mistake. In this blog post, we will look at some common mistakes in pig farming to avoid.

What are the challenges in pig farming?

There are challenges in every aspect of farming. Farm animals perform biological activities just like humans do. Any form of maltreatment or lack of care is likely to put their health at risk. Here are some challenges you are likely to face in pig farming.

Mistakes In Pig Farming To Avoid
A pig in a pigsty. Photo Credit:

1. High costs of feeding

To maintain a better pig farming environment for pigs, you will need to put much effort into making sure the pigs have awesome feed and feeding at regular intervals. When we say awesome feed, it means feed free from contamination (toxins, fungal growth, poor quality, imbalance nutrition ratio).

Considering the high costs of feeding, many farms result in feeding the pigs with food leftovers from restaurants, homes, and the canteen. Pigs are naturally okay with consuming a lot of food just like humans. But it can be risky to feed them anything without exercising caution.

In the case of reducing costs in feeding, always make sure food leftovers from restaurants, homes, and canteens are safe to consume. Avoid piling up food waste for pigs. This results in fungi and toxins building up. Also, check feed composition for any missing ingredients for balanced diet feeding. Check how to successfully plan a pig farming business.

2. Poor breeding stock selection

Challenges from a poor pig breeding stock may include, stunted growth, deformity, low fertility in soars and boars, and meat (pork) production. The potential of any breeding stock determines how well your pig farm business will be.

It is advisable to always get your stock from a good source. Don’t buy a stock with poor performance or bad history. Poor mothering is another factor in stock breed selection that should be avoided.

Read Also: Why Your Piglets Are Dying?

3. Poor management

There is a myth that says pigs are dirty animals and eat from the trash. It is never true. When you see a pig scratching the ground it could be in search of iron minerals which is very essential for their growth. In the absence of an iron supplement in their diet, the pig will find alternatives naturally.

Pigs also do not have sweat glands which makes them very sensitive to changes in an increase in temperature. At all times you need to make sure the pig wallow is filled with water for the pigs to cool off when hot. Below is a table with pig growth stages and respective temperatures required in their ambient.

Growth stageTemperature (F)
Wean pig75-85
Nursery pig70-75
Gestating sow50-65
Lactating sow55 – 65

4. Poor biosecurity

Biosecurity is essentially guaranteeing biological safety in order to avoid disease transmission from the outside into the farm. To guarantee biosecurity on the pig farm, create a boundary for visitors and strictly enforce farm regulations. Learn more about biosecurity on the farm.

5. Practicing proper animal welfare

What exactly does it mean to observe animal welfare on a pig farm? You should think about the rules and regulations that regulate farm animal raising. Not long ago, animal welfare activists in Canada pushed for the passage of laws to protect farm animals from cruel farm practices.

To raise farm animals and enjoy a free market in your state, it is best to observe every rule and regulation in your state. Also, overstocking (overpopulation) needs to be checked in the piggery, and make sure there is food and water at the ad-libetum.


In summary, planning the cost of feeding against the stocking capacity of the pig is very necessary to eliminate poor production. Also, proper management needs to be ensured whiles observing strict biosecurity practices and animal welfare protection policies in each state. Thank you for reading this far. Your comments and suggestions are welcome and don’t forget to hit the subscribe button.



We don’t spam! Read our privacy policy for more info.

1 thought on “Top 5 Mistakes In Pig Farming To Avoid”

Leave a Comment

Essential Livestock Tools and Equipment You Need

There should be a shed with plenty of tools on any livestock farm. Power equipment like saws, drills, and grinders assist you in managing the daily operations on your farm.

Some livestock tools and equipment are necessary and practical to have nearby in order to take proper care of animals, determine whether they are ill, and treat them.

You’ll find that life is much simpler if you have the appropriate agricultural gear and farm machinery for your livestock farm. Your time and frustration will be saved by them.

Livestock tools and equipment can be categorized under the following major activities of daily routine that takes place on livestock production farms.

Livestock Tools and Equipment

Feeding and Watering Equipment

Almost all livestock farms require feeders. Feeding on the ground wastes a significant amount of feed and promotes the spread of illness, particularly internal parasites and abortion.

Water may be free-flowing or supplied in the form of stock tanks, buckets, troughs, tubs, or mechanical waterers. The need to maintain clean water supplies free of hay, straw, and faeces goes without saying.

List of feeding and watering tools

  • Automatic feeders
  • Troughs and feed bins
  • Hay feeders
  • Silos and grain storage systems
  • Watering systems (such as automatic waterers, nipples, and cups)
  • Water tanks and troughs
  • Supplement and mineral feeders
  • Feed conveyors and augers
  • Feed mixing equipment
  • Pasture management equipment (such as rotational grazing systems)

Handling and Movement Equipment

Livestock rearing and herding can be difficult for even the finest ranchers to manage. Cattle are typically presented as highly composed, submissive, and calm.

The animals, however, are frequently quite different when it comes to handling and moving them, so you might want to consider some handling equipment that can make the task of moving your cattle much simpler.

List of handling and movement tools

  • Livestock handling facilities (such as chutes, alleys, and crowding tubs)
  • Livestock scales
  • Portable corrals and panels
  • Livestock trailers and trucks
  • Loading chutes and ramps
  • Livestock prods and electric fencing
  • Head gates and head holders
  • Squeeze chutes and palpation cages
  • Roping and sorting equipment
  • Livestock handling robots and drones.

Health Monitoring and Treatment Equipment

Due to owner worries about food quality and safety, livestock health is of major importance in the production of food. Improved livestock welfare has a direct impact on disease resistance and pathology.

Diseases have been found to have a significant negative impact on the health of cattle and farmers’ capacity to make a profit. Look out for these health monitoring and treatment equipment to provide the best health care and treatments for your livestock production. 

List of health monitoring and treatment equipment

  • Thermometers (for measuring body temperature)
  • Stethoscopes (for listening to heart and lung sounds)
  • Scales (for monitoring weight changes)
  • Blood testing equipment (for monitoring blood parameters)
  • Ultrasound equipment (for pregnancy detection and monitoring)
  • Vaccination equipment (such as syringes and needles)
  • Medication equipment (such as drench guns and ear tag applicators)
  • First aid kits
  • Livestock grooming equipment (such as clippers, shears, and trimmers)
  • Parasite control equipment (such as pour-on applicators, dusters and sprays)

Facilities and Infrastructure Equipment

The infrastructure, equipment, and resources needed for various livestock farming operations may vary. It’s crucial to evaluate the infrastructure already in place and to have a clear understanding of what your operation will need.

You will need effective fencing if you plan to raise livestock because you are accountable for any animals that escape. A land’s long-term health may be harmed by housing too many animals on a small amount of land because doing so reduces productivity for both. Keep an eye out for this equipment as you assess what you’ll need for your livestock production.

List of facilities and infrastructure for livestock

  • Barns and sheds (for housing and protecting livestock)
  • Fencing and gates (for enclosing and separating animals)
  • Bedding (such as straw, sawdust, or shavings)
  • Ventilation systems (such as fans and exhaust systems)
  • Lighting systems (for providing natural or artificial light)
  • Heating and cooling systems (for maintaining optimal temperature)
  • Waste management systems (such as manure pits or lagoons)
  • Pasture management equipment (such as irrigation systems and mowers)
  • Livestock handling facilities (such as chutes, alleys, and crowding tubs)
  • Feed storage and delivery systems (such as silos and conveyors)

Importance of Modern Tools and Equipment in Livestock Production

Modern livestock production tools and equipment make it easier for farmers to work while enhancing the welfare, productivity, and profitability of their cattle.

These tools and equipment offer a wide range of advantages, including enhanced cost effectiveness, improved animal welfare, better working conditions, better production monitoring (e.g., remote monitoring, access to real-time data), and improved delivery of crucial production data.

Each of these contemporary instruments has the potential to promote productivity, growth, and other positive outcomes at the livestock farm level for both farmers and animals as well as at the level of the nation where productivity acceleration is desperately needed.

Conclusion: Investing in the Right Livestock Tools and Equipment for Long-Term Success

Having the right tools and equipment on your livestock farm can help you get the job done and will significantly boost output. Although there are many tools and pieces of equipment that can make our life easier, it can occasionally be challenging to choose the ones that are best for raising animals. Making the appropriate tool and equipment investments can help to ensure the success of your livestock production.

Top 9 Pig Breeds (Fast Growers & Disease Resistant)

Best pig breeds

Pig breeds selection is key to the success of any pig farming business. These top nine selected breeds listed in this article are fast growers, disease resistant and produces large litter size. You may have an excellent pig farming business plan but with poor pig breeds you may not see any good results.

In selecting your pig breeds, you must have your consumers in mind and the type of production the pig farm markets to the public. For instance, if you are pig breeder, you definitely have to look for pig breeds that are good for parent stock. If you raise pig for bacon, sausage, ham or just pork for market consumption you will need pigs that are prolific growers.

Pigs come in a variety of breeds, and the best breed for you will depend on your specific needs and circumstances. Pig breeds that are popular include the Yorkshire, Duroc, Hampshire, and Tamworth. These breeds are well-known for their high meat quality and are widely raised in the pig business. Other breeds, like as the KuneKune and the Gloucestershire Old Spot, are recognized for their calm temperament and are often kept as pets.

List of pig breeds

List with classifications and pictures to identify the breeds of pigs. The weight of the pigs at maturity stage, the country of origin for easy sourcing.

  1. Yorkshire or Large White
  2. Duroc
  3. Hampshire
  4. Tamworth
  5. Landrace
  6. Gloucestershire Old Spot
  7. British Saddleback
  8. Berkshire
  9. Chester White

1. Yorkshire or Large White

Pig Breeds

The Yorkshire pig, sometimes called the Large White, is a notable pig breed that originated in the English county of Yorkshire. This breed is known for its huge size and white color and is widely employed in the pig business. Yorkshires are well-known for their high meat quality, and they are frequently used to make bacon and ham. They are also known for their calm temperaments and ability to survive in a range of surroundings.

2. Duroc

Pig Breeds

The Duroc pig is a well-known pig breed that was developed in the United States. This breed is noted by its reddish-brown coat and robust, muscular frame. Durocs are well-known for their high meat quality and are frequently used to make pig products such as bacon, ham, and sausage. They are also recognized for their calm temperaments and ability to adapt to a wide range of environments. Duroc pigs are often used in crossbreeding operations to create hybrid pigs with higher growth rates and meat quality.

3. Hampshire

Pig Breeds

Hampshire pigs are a common breed of pig that originated in the English county of Hampshire. This breed is characterized by its black coat and a striking white stripe across its shoulders and front legs. Hampshires are well-known for their fast growth and lean flesh, and they are widely used in the pig sector. They are also known for their cleverness and adaptability to a wide range of environments. Hampshires are frequently used in crossbreeding operations to create hybrid pigs with higher growth rates and meat quality.

4. Tamworth

Pig Breeds

Tamworth pigs are a common breed of pig that originated in the English county of Staffordshire. This breed is characterized by its red coat and long, narrow nose. Tamworth pigs are well-known for their toughness and ability to thrive in harsh conditions. They are also well-known for the quality of their meat, and they are frequently used to manufacture high-grade pork products. Tamworth pigs are frequently used in crossbreeding programs to produce hybrid pigs with higher growth rates and meat quality.

5. Landrace

Pig Breeds

The Landrace pig is a popular pig breed that originated in Denmark. This breed is well-known for its huge size and white color and is widely employed in the pig business. Landraces are well-known for their high meat quality, and they are frequently used to make bacon and ham.

6. Gloucestershire Old Spot

Pig Breeds

This breed is known for its white color with black spots and its large, round build. Gloucestershire Old Spots are known for their docile temperaments and their ability to thrive in outdoor environments. They are also known for their meat quality, and they are often used to produce high-quality pork products. These pigs are sometimes kept as pets due to their friendly personalities.

7. British Saddleback

Pig Breeds

British Saddlebacks are well-known for their rapid growth and lean meat, and they are widely used in the pork industry. They are also known for their intelligence and adaptability to a wide range of circumstances.

8. Berkshire

Pig Breeds

Berkshires are well-known for their fast growth and lean meat, and they are widely used in the pig industry.

9. Chester White

Pig Breeds

The Chester White pig is a well-known pig breed that originated in the United States. This breed is characterized by its white coat and robust, muscular frame. Chester Whites are commonly used in the pork sector due to their strong growth rate and lean meat.

What are the top 10 breeds for livestock guard dogs?

Top 10 breeds for livestock guard dogs?

Below are our top ten (10) breeds for livestock guard dogs after running a survey and these are the breeds of dog preferred most by farm owners.

1) Spanish Mastiff

The Spanish Mastiff, or Mastn Espaol, is a dog breed from Spain that was originally designed to be a guard dog and whose particular duty is to defend herds from wolves and other predators.

Spanish Mastiff
Spanish Mastiff

2) Maremma Sheepdog

The Maremmano-Abruzzese Sheepdog, commonly known as the Maremma Sheepdog or Abruzzese Sheepdog and Cane da Pastore Abruzzese or Pastore Abruzzese, is an Italian livestock guardian dog. Because of its large size and passive and gentle nature, it is often referred to as a “gentle giant.”

Maremma dogs
Maremma Sheepdog

3) Akbash Livestock Guard Dog

The Akbash is a traditional Turkish flock guardian dog from western Anatolia. Akbaş is Turkish for “white head.”

Akbash Livestock Guard Dog

4) Pyrenean Mastiff

The Pyrenean Mastiff, also known as the Mastn del Pirineo, is a huge livestock guardian dog from the autonomous community of Aragón in north-eastern Spain. It was originally used to guard flocks during the yearly transhumance to Pyrenean high summer pasture.

Pyrenean Mastiff
Pyrenean Mastiff

5) Kuvasz Livestock Guard Dog

The Kuvasz is a historic Hungarian flock guarding dog breed. They were originally royal guard dogs or livestock guard dogs, but have become more common in homes as pets during the last seventy years.


6) Tibetan Mastiff

Tibetan Mastiffs are huge Tibetan dog breeds. Its double coat is medium to lengthy, temperature dependent, and comes in a broad range of colors.

Tibetan Mastiff
Tibetan Mastiff

7) Illyrian Shepherd

The Šarplaninac, historically known as the Illyrian Shepherd Dog, is a livestock guardian dog breed. It is named after the Ar Mountains, a Balkan mountain range.

Illyrian Shepherd
Illyrian Shepherd

8) Komondor Livestock Guard Dog

The Komondor, commonly known as the Hungarian sheepdog, is a huge, white-colored livestock guardian dog from Hungary with a long, corded coat.


9) Great Pyrenees

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog, also known as the Patou in France, is a breed of livestock guardian dog. The breed originated on the French side of the Pyrenees Mountains, which divide France and Spain.

Great Pyrenees
Great Pyrenees

10) Anatolian Shepherd

The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is a livestock guardian dog, which means he is in charge of keeping an eye on a flock of helpless animals and safeguarding them from predators.

Anatolian Shepherd
Anatolian Shepherd