Complete Pig Farming Business Plan: How To Start A Piggery

Complete Pig Farming Business Plan: How To Start A Piggery

Having a pig farming business plan is vital if you are interested in pig farming. Pig Farming is a booming area of production with much promise.

The sector boasts higher and quick returns as Pig meat is widely consumed due high efficiency of special pig breeds.

Pig farmers are encouraged to have a pig farming business plan to guide them through their production, assist them in accessing loans, and attract potential investors. This article discusses the steps required to prepare a business plan to guide Pig Farmers.

pig farming business plan

Read Also: Why your piglets are dying?

Sections of The Pig Farming Business Plan

How many pigs do you need to start a pig farm?

You’ve always wanted to start a pig farm, but the costs have always been prohibitive. But after years of hard work, you’ve finally saved up enough to get started. You’re finally ready to build your first pig farm. The first thing you need to do is figure out how many pigs you’ll need to get started.


Marketing Management

Production/ Operations Management

Human Resource Management

Financial Management



How to write a piggery business plan


This section gives a comprehensive background and overview of your piggery business. The section has several subsections that come together to give or provide a thorough overview. However, feel free to remove subsections that do not apply to the business.

How to start a pig farming business

The pig farming business is a profitable and exciting venture to consider. It requires a lot of hard work and dedication, but the rewards are worth the effort. The first step to starting a pig farming business is to find a supplier. This can be the hardest part of operating a pig farm.

  • Title Page
    • This page provides the name of the document, the business’ name, and the names of those involved in coming up with the business plan. Please provide the date in this section to remind you when it was developed and keep it updated.
  • Executive summary
    • This section appears at the front of the business plan, but it is the last section developed; presents the most crucial information, which may include the firm’s overall goals and objectives, i.e., it should talk concisely about what the business is, what it wants to do, how it will do it and the projected rewards from it. The executive summary should give a brief overview of the business plan.
  • Table of contents
    • The table of contents should provide the titles of all the section headings in the pig farming business plan and their page numbers.
  • Vision and Mission statement
    • The Mission statement talks about the primary reason for the existence of your piggery business, its unique circumstances, the product(s) it sells, and why it is in business. You always revise and update it to reflect the changing face of the firm. The Vision statement tells the reader what particular position the firm is in or plans to enter and the most important goals of the business.
  • Business Organizations
    • Briefly describe in this section the legal organization of the pig farming business plan (for example, partnership, corporation, or proprietorship).
  • Overview of the current situation
    • This section of the pig farming business plan may be helpful when the plan is to be used for securing financial assistance. The overview helps set the context of how the business has changed over time and gotten to its current form. It should talk about how the business’ financial measures have changed over time. Then, information related to the business location (you can add pictures), current sales, inventories, assets, marketing area, number of employees, and any other helpful information. The reader should have a snapshot picture of the business’s current status.
pig farming business plan

Marketing Management of Pig farming business plan

How profitable is pig farming?

For many years, pig farming has been one of the most profitable forms of animal agriculture. But just how profitable is pig farming? The answer to that question depends on a variety of factors, including the size and scale of the operation, the market in which the pigs are being sold, and the price at which pigs are being raised and sold.

This section is more like the juice of the plan. The subsections include;

  • Marketing SWOT analysis
    • Talk about the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats surrounding your business and discuss the results.
  • Products and services produced.
    • Talk about the specific products or services you offer.
    • Your statement may be like, ‘we raise pigs for meat.
  • Industry overview and position
    • Please talk about your industry and your business fit into it.
    • Consider including trends in industry sales, competitors, cash markets, new market opportunities, and threats surrounding your business, and discuss the results.
    • Thoroughly describe the customer base to help you better define your target market.
  • Marketing strategy
    • Describe the marketing opportunities you face and how you intend to take advantage of those.
    • Talk about the advertising programs you will undertake, how you will distribute your product and how you will measure whether you’re successful with your marketing plan.
    • Also, talk about how you plan on mitigating risks and what tactics you will use. You will need to talk about how you intend to manage risks associated with input and output prices.
  • Managerial Expertise
    • Take stock of the total managerial expertise used by the firm. Talk about the marketing-related knowledge the manager possesses.

Production/ Operations Management

Assessing the operations process and making pig farming business plans for the future is essential, especially when you’re planning on expanding or change is about to happen in the business.

In your pig farming business plan operations, talk about;

  1. Production SWOT analysis
  2. Overview of production assets
  3. Managerial expertise
  4. Production performance
  5. Production strategy

Human Resource Management

The competency of your labor force may determine how successful your business will perform.

In this section of the pig farming business plan, you are required to be strict on the following;

  1. Human Resource SWOT analysis
  2. Organizational chart 
  3. Overview of current policies
  4. Managerial expertise
  5. Human Resources Strategy

In case you missed it: Here are some common mistakes to avoid in pig farming.

Financial Management

How to start pig farming

This section of the pig farming business plan is the most crucial factor from the potential lender’s viewpoint. Financial statements are best presented in the appendix. Explain the pig farming business plan finances. We advise that you work with a business consultant, accountant, or financial advisor to develop this part, especially if you’re pursuing other funding options.

Talk about;

  1. Financial SWOT analysis
  2. Review of the current economic situation
  3. Financial strategy
  4. Managerial expertise


This part of your pig farming business plan should tell your reader the highlights of your plan. Restate your most crucial goals and mention how you plan on achieving them. Draw focus on what your plan intends to do to reach future profitability, efficiency, liquidity, and solvency.


The appendix of the pig farming business plan might contain your financial statements, both Pro-forma and actual, which point to your financial management section. Include anything that may be crucial to the body of your pig farming business plan. Give each appendix a unique name such as ‘SWOT analysis results’ or ‘Financial statements.’

pig farming business plan

What are the advantages of pig farming?

Bacons are enjoyed everywhere in the United States, homes, and restaurants. The average farmer in the United States earns around $46,193 annually. The estimated profit earned from pig farming is dependent on the number of pig stock, production cost, and management cost. Pig farmers who earn extra cash from their production include processing which adds value to their final production.

What makes they piggery business and interesting and lucrative venture for most people. So, if you decide to venture into bacon or pork production, here the benefits.

1) High feed to meat conversion ratio

Unlike raising poultry birds, birds are known to convert feed into feathers, eggs and meat. What if you need more meat from the birds but they keep developing more feathers. This is typical problem I encountered during my service as an extension officer. But do you the interesting thing and joy pig farmers were enjoying? Pigs have no other business than to convert feed consumed into meat.

It takes 5 to 6 months for a well fed pig to attain a weight of 200 to 300 lbs. (91 to 135 kg). In 2022, the price of US pork is expected to be between US$ 2.47 and US$ 2.47 per kilogram, or between US$ 1.12 and US$ 1.12 per pound (lb.). The price per kilogram is EUR 2.47. In New York and Washington, the average price for a ton is $2474.5.

Top 10 U.S. states by inventory of hogs and pigs as of March 2022

2) High demand for Pig waste

Organic crop growers, utilize waste from pig farms in preparing manure for the crops they grow. Organic vegetables in particular has high value on the market and for this reason, some pig farmers collect and sell pig waste for extra cash while other use it on their farms instead of buying synthetic fertilizer.

3) Highly prolific

If you own a sow and boar a new pig farmer, you can get up to an estimated number of 18 to 20 pigs within a year. A sow within the age of 8 to 9 months can farrow twice in year given that the pig breed is highly prolific, a sow can produce a litter size between 6 and 12.

4) Wide taste for variety of feed

Pigs naturally feed on a lot of edible materials. From snakes to vegetables and grains, pig can actually consume anything for survival. Yes, I stated pig eat snakes. This was an eyewitness moment when a snake entered a pigsty. They killed and fed on the snake.

The fact that pigs can consume anything edible does not mean you should feed them garbage and non-nutritional diet. A well balanced diet mixed with fruits like water melon with help the pigs grow and mature faster.

5) Most relied meat for Sausage making

Sausage producers in the United States and most countries prefer using meat from pigs in producing sausages for the market. The United States sausage production industry is estimated at $19.2bn in 2022. Sausages are easy use in making meals and attracts a lot of consumers all year round.

What are the disadvantages of pig farming?

This is a complete beginner guide and the aim is to let you know what is good and bad about the pig farming business. This may not be a disadvantage provided you have the means to take care of every cost.

1) Cost in building piggery structure

Each barn may cost $400 to build depending on the materials used. This include cement blocks, wood, roofing, and wire mesh. A standard piggery structure can be very costly. So, as beginner, you can start with a small size and expand in future.

2) Pig farming requires time

When you start pig farming business, your presence is required on site daily. By standards, you are required to feed the pigs twice daily and also ensure they have enough water in their wallow to cool their body temperature it is hot. For most standard pig farms, air conditioners are installed instead of wallows.

Types of pig farming

Pig farming business can be classified into two forms the pig fattening farming business and the pig breeding farm business. Each type of pig farm business is very lucrative and they all depend on each other.

Pig breeding farming business

This category of pig farming specializes in raising what we call the breeder stock. The breeder stock has varieties of pig breeds crossed to produce offspring. Piglets from the breeder stock is consider as pure line breeds when they come from the same breed, and hybrid when it’s a cross between two different breeds. Pig breeders are relied on mostly by pig fattening farmers to supply their farms for production.

Pig breeders research into feed enhancers for pigs growth, breeds best for local farmers, disease resistant pig breeds and minimizing mortality in piggery with proven research works in with their pig breeding programs.

Pig fattening farming business

Pig fatteners are solely interested in buying matured pregnant sows or piglets from pig breeders to start production. This type of production is responsible for the bacon, ham, and lard we enjoy form pig meat. Pig fatteners run daily farm management by caring for the piglets until they reach the maturity stage (5-6 months) for slaughtering.

Pig farming for beginners

The pig is one of the most important animals in modern-day farming. They are used for food, for their fat, for their skin, and organs. The amount of products made from pigs is incredible, and their use in farming is essential for keeping people fed and healthy.


Pig Farmers can follow this guide to develop a pig farming business plan successfully. A well-written business plan can give a particular pig farmer an advantage over other farmers in securing funding or investors for their business.

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Essential Livestock Tools and Equipment You Need

There should be a shed with plenty of tools on any livestock farm. Power equipment like saws, drills, and grinders assist you in managing the daily operations on your farm.

Some livestock tools and equipment are necessary and practical to have nearby in order to take proper care of animals, determine whether they are ill, and treat them.

You’ll find that life is much simpler if you have the appropriate agricultural gear and farm machinery for your livestock farm. Your time and frustration will be saved by them.

Livestock tools and equipment can be categorized under the following major activities of daily routine that takes place on livestock production farms.

Livestock Tools and Equipment

Feeding and Watering Equipment

Almost all livestock farms require feeders. Feeding on the ground wastes a significant amount of feed and promotes the spread of illness, particularly internal parasites and abortion.

Water may be free-flowing or supplied in the form of stock tanks, buckets, troughs, tubs, or mechanical waterers. The need to maintain clean water supplies free of hay, straw, and faeces goes without saying.

List of feeding and watering tools

  • Automatic feeders
  • Troughs and feed bins
  • Hay feeders
  • Silos and grain storage systems
  • Watering systems (such as automatic waterers, nipples, and cups)
  • Water tanks and troughs
  • Supplement and mineral feeders
  • Feed conveyors and augers
  • Feed mixing equipment
  • Pasture management equipment (such as rotational grazing systems)

Handling and Movement Equipment

Livestock rearing and herding can be difficult for even the finest ranchers to manage. Cattle are typically presented as highly composed, submissive, and calm.

The animals, however, are frequently quite different when it comes to handling and moving them, so you might want to consider some handling equipment that can make the task of moving your cattle much simpler.

List of handling and movement tools

  • Livestock handling facilities (such as chutes, alleys, and crowding tubs)
  • Livestock scales
  • Portable corrals and panels
  • Livestock trailers and trucks
  • Loading chutes and ramps
  • Livestock prods and electric fencing
  • Head gates and head holders
  • Squeeze chutes and palpation cages
  • Roping and sorting equipment
  • Livestock handling robots and drones.

Health Monitoring and Treatment Equipment

Due to owner worries about food quality and safety, livestock health is of major importance in the production of food. Improved livestock welfare has a direct impact on disease resistance and pathology.

Diseases have been found to have a significant negative impact on the health of cattle and farmers’ capacity to make a profit. Look out for these health monitoring and treatment equipment to provide the best health care and treatments for your livestock production. 

List of health monitoring and treatment equipment

  • Thermometers (for measuring body temperature)
  • Stethoscopes (for listening to heart and lung sounds)
  • Scales (for monitoring weight changes)
  • Blood testing equipment (for monitoring blood parameters)
  • Ultrasound equipment (for pregnancy detection and monitoring)
  • Vaccination equipment (such as syringes and needles)
  • Medication equipment (such as drench guns and ear tag applicators)
  • First aid kits
  • Livestock grooming equipment (such as clippers, shears, and trimmers)
  • Parasite control equipment (such as pour-on applicators, dusters and sprays)

Facilities and Infrastructure Equipment

The infrastructure, equipment, and resources needed for various livestock farming operations may vary. It’s crucial to evaluate the infrastructure already in place and to have a clear understanding of what your operation will need.

You will need effective fencing if you plan to raise livestock because you are accountable for any animals that escape. A land’s long-term health may be harmed by housing too many animals on a small amount of land because doing so reduces productivity for both. Keep an eye out for this equipment as you assess what you’ll need for your livestock production.

List of facilities and infrastructure for livestock

  • Barns and sheds (for housing and protecting livestock)
  • Fencing and gates (for enclosing and separating animals)
  • Bedding (such as straw, sawdust, or shavings)
  • Ventilation systems (such as fans and exhaust systems)
  • Lighting systems (for providing natural or artificial light)
  • Heating and cooling systems (for maintaining optimal temperature)
  • Waste management systems (such as manure pits or lagoons)
  • Pasture management equipment (such as irrigation systems and mowers)
  • Livestock handling facilities (such as chutes, alleys, and crowding tubs)
  • Feed storage and delivery systems (such as silos and conveyors)

Importance of Modern Tools and Equipment in Livestock Production

Modern livestock production tools and equipment make it easier for farmers to work while enhancing the welfare, productivity, and profitability of their cattle.

These tools and equipment offer a wide range of advantages, including enhanced cost effectiveness, improved animal welfare, better working conditions, better production monitoring (e.g., remote monitoring, access to real-time data), and improved delivery of crucial production data.

Each of these contemporary instruments has the potential to promote productivity, growth, and other positive outcomes at the livestock farm level for both farmers and animals as well as at the level of the nation where productivity acceleration is desperately needed.

Conclusion: Investing in the Right Livestock Tools and Equipment for Long-Term Success

Having the right tools and equipment on your livestock farm can help you get the job done and will significantly boost output. Although there are many tools and pieces of equipment that can make our life easier, it can occasionally be challenging to choose the ones that are best for raising animals. Making the appropriate tool and equipment investments can help to ensure the success of your livestock production.

Top 9 Pig Breeds (Fast Growers & Disease Resistant)

Best pig breeds

Pig breeds selection is key to the success of any pig farming business. These top nine selected breeds listed in this article are fast growers, disease resistant and produces large litter size. You may have an excellent pig farming business plan but with poor pig breeds you may not see any good results.

In selecting your pig breeds, you must have your consumers in mind and the type of production the pig farm markets to the public. For instance, if you are pig breeder, you definitely have to look for pig breeds that are good for parent stock. If you raise pig for bacon, sausage, ham or just pork for market consumption you will need pigs that are prolific growers.

Pigs come in a variety of breeds, and the best breed for you will depend on your specific needs and circumstances. Pig breeds that are popular include the Yorkshire, Duroc, Hampshire, and Tamworth. These breeds are well-known for their high meat quality and are widely raised in the pig business. Other breeds, like as the KuneKune and the Gloucestershire Old Spot, are recognized for their calm temperament and are often kept as pets.

List of pig breeds

List with classifications and pictures to identify the breeds of pigs. The weight of the pigs at maturity stage, the country of origin for easy sourcing.

  1. Yorkshire or Large White
  2. Duroc
  3. Hampshire
  4. Tamworth
  5. Landrace
  6. Gloucestershire Old Spot
  7. British Saddleback
  8. Berkshire
  9. Chester White

1. Yorkshire or Large White

Pig Breeds

The Yorkshire pig, sometimes called the Large White, is a notable pig breed that originated in the English county of Yorkshire. This breed is known for its huge size and white color and is widely employed in the pig business. Yorkshires are well-known for their high meat quality, and they are frequently used to make bacon and ham. They are also known for their calm temperaments and ability to survive in a range of surroundings.

2. Duroc

Pig Breeds

The Duroc pig is a well-known pig breed that was developed in the United States. This breed is noted by its reddish-brown coat and robust, muscular frame. Durocs are well-known for their high meat quality and are frequently used to make pig products such as bacon, ham, and sausage. They are also recognized for their calm temperaments and ability to adapt to a wide range of environments. Duroc pigs are often used in crossbreeding operations to create hybrid pigs with higher growth rates and meat quality.

3. Hampshire

Pig Breeds

Hampshire pigs are a common breed of pig that originated in the English county of Hampshire. This breed is characterized by its black coat and a striking white stripe across its shoulders and front legs. Hampshires are well-known for their fast growth and lean flesh, and they are widely used in the pig sector. They are also known for their cleverness and adaptability to a wide range of environments. Hampshires are frequently used in crossbreeding operations to create hybrid pigs with higher growth rates and meat quality.

4. Tamworth

Pig Breeds

Tamworth pigs are a common breed of pig that originated in the English county of Staffordshire. This breed is characterized by its red coat and long, narrow nose. Tamworth pigs are well-known for their toughness and ability to thrive in harsh conditions. They are also well-known for the quality of their meat, and they are frequently used to manufacture high-grade pork products. Tamworth pigs are frequently used in crossbreeding programs to produce hybrid pigs with higher growth rates and meat quality.

5. Landrace

Pig Breeds

The Landrace pig is a popular pig breed that originated in Denmark. This breed is well-known for its huge size and white color and is widely employed in the pig business. Landraces are well-known for their high meat quality, and they are frequently used to make bacon and ham.

6. Gloucestershire Old Spot

Pig Breeds

This breed is known for its white color with black spots and its large, round build. Gloucestershire Old Spots are known for their docile temperaments and their ability to thrive in outdoor environments. They are also known for their meat quality, and they are often used to produce high-quality pork products. These pigs are sometimes kept as pets due to their friendly personalities.

7. British Saddleback

Pig Breeds

British Saddlebacks are well-known for their rapid growth and lean meat, and they are widely used in the pork industry. They are also known for their intelligence and adaptability to a wide range of circumstances.

8. Berkshire

Pig Breeds

Berkshires are well-known for their fast growth and lean meat, and they are widely used in the pig industry.

9. Chester White

Pig Breeds

The Chester White pig is a well-known pig breed that originated in the United States. This breed is characterized by its white coat and robust, muscular frame. Chester Whites are commonly used in the pork sector due to their strong growth rate and lean meat.

What are the top 10 breeds for livestock guard dogs?

Top 10 breeds for livestock guard dogs?

Below are our top ten (10) breeds for livestock guard dogs after running a survey and these are the breeds of dog preferred most by farm owners.

1) Spanish Mastiff

The Spanish Mastiff, or Mastn Espaol, is a dog breed from Spain that was originally designed to be a guard dog and whose particular duty is to defend herds from wolves and other predators.

Spanish Mastiff
Spanish Mastiff

2) Maremma Sheepdog

The Maremmano-Abruzzese Sheepdog, commonly known as the Maremma Sheepdog or Abruzzese Sheepdog and Cane da Pastore Abruzzese or Pastore Abruzzese, is an Italian livestock guardian dog. Because of its large size and passive and gentle nature, it is often referred to as a “gentle giant.”

Maremma dogs
Maremma Sheepdog

3) Akbash Livestock Guard Dog

The Akbash is a traditional Turkish flock guardian dog from western Anatolia. Akbaş is Turkish for “white head.”

Akbash Livestock Guard Dog

4) Pyrenean Mastiff

The Pyrenean Mastiff, also known as the Mastn del Pirineo, is a huge livestock guardian dog from the autonomous community of Aragón in north-eastern Spain. It was originally used to guard flocks during the yearly transhumance to Pyrenean high summer pasture.

Pyrenean Mastiff
Pyrenean Mastiff

5) Kuvasz Livestock Guard Dog

The Kuvasz is a historic Hungarian flock guarding dog breed. They were originally royal guard dogs or livestock guard dogs, but have become more common in homes as pets during the last seventy years.


6) Tibetan Mastiff

Tibetan Mastiffs are huge Tibetan dog breeds. Its double coat is medium to lengthy, temperature dependent, and comes in a broad range of colors.

Tibetan Mastiff
Tibetan Mastiff

7) Illyrian Shepherd

The Šarplaninac, historically known as the Illyrian Shepherd Dog, is a livestock guardian dog breed. It is named after the Ar Mountains, a Balkan mountain range.

Illyrian Shepherd
Illyrian Shepherd

8) Komondor Livestock Guard Dog

The Komondor, commonly known as the Hungarian sheepdog, is a huge, white-colored livestock guardian dog from Hungary with a long, corded coat.


9) Great Pyrenees

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog, also known as the Patou in France, is a breed of livestock guardian dog. The breed originated on the French side of the Pyrenees Mountains, which divide France and Spain.

Great Pyrenees
Great Pyrenees

10) Anatolian Shepherd

The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is a livestock guardian dog, which means he is in charge of keeping an eye on a flock of helpless animals and safeguarding them from predators.

Anatolian Shepherd
Anatolian Shepherd