12 Poultry Farming Tips - Super Helpful Hacks

12 Poultry Farming Tips – Super Helpful Hacks

If you want to succeed in your poultry business, then you need these poultry farming tips on your check list everyday. From interviews of successful poultry farmers, we came to a conclusion of something very common among these great farmers.

Poultry farming tips

It does not matter the number of years of experience you have in raising chickens. There are some rules that plays significant roles in the process of raising chickens and must be adhered to every time.

1. Cool water in abundance

If you don’t have automatic drinkers installed, you must ensure the chickens do not run out of water. The essence of this is to prevent food choking which kills the chickens. Cool water helps to cool down their body temperature, hence reducing the rate of heat in a chicken coop or pen.

2. Feeding early mornings

Feeding your chickens early in the morning gives them energy to boost production. For instance, when egg laying birds feed early morning, they lay more eggs than when feeding time is delayed.

3. Feeding the right quantity

Poultry birds should be given the right amount of feed at a particular. A two weeks old chicken may require 15 to 20 grams of feed a day and 14 weeks old chicken will consume more than that in a day.

4. Feeding the right type of feed

If you are into raising chickens for meat, the type of feed you will give to such chicken should contain high energy content to boost their growth. There are special feeds for egg laying birds, formulated to enhance chicken eggs production.

5. Provide supplementary diet

Supplementary diet for chickens is fortified with essential nutrient(s) to solve a specific problem that could be emerging or already showing symptoms. Example is an egg booster supplement added to feed to boost egg production.

6. Picking dead chickens

Waking up to see dead chickens in the morning is very common larger scale chicken production. You minimize the rate of any possible infection by walking through the poultry structure to pick out dead birds.

7. Disposal of dead chicken

If you record continues death among your chickens, the best thing to do is contacting your local vet for post mortem test. Disease infected chickens should be buried with lime stone powder deep into the ground. Never consume the meat of a dead birds.

8. Poultry biosecurity

Ensuring poultry biosecurity on the farm helps prevent the spread of disease infections from outside to infect the birds. Someway, biosecurity helps contain disease infection in just one place. Employing biosecurity helps you prevent disease infections which is much better than curing the disease.

9. Poultry management

Never hire unskilled labor to manage your poultry business. The poultry duties may look like an informal job but it is a formal job which requires some level of expertise to manage it efficiently.

10. Avoid dirty environment

Keeping both the inside and outside environs of your poultry structure makes the place healthier and free from pathogenic infections. Wet bedding material should be replaced with fresh and well dried ones.

11. Isolation of birds

Birds that are smaller in size than the expected size with respect to age should be isolated and treated with special care. Injured birds, birds suffering legs paralysis should be separated from the large flock.

12. Avoid overstocking

For every floor space size, there should be a specific number of birds to cover each space. No not over populate poultry birds as this can result to cannibalism and poor production. Use the calculator to check for broiler floor space and egg laying birds floor space requirement.

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The benefits of free-range poultry farming

When birds are “free range,” they are given more freedom to wander about and have unrestricted access to outside spaces. These animals have a lot larger, more room to wander than they would in a tiny coop.

The challenges and requirements for their care are the same whether the birds are referred to as pastured, open-raised, or other labels depending on the degree of roaming they may do or the spaces that are available to them.

benefits of free-range poultry farming

Free-range poultry farming benefits a lot because the birds receive more exercise, develop more muscles, and produce meat with higher levels of protein.

What are the benefits of free-range poultry farming?

In general, free-range hens produce eggs and meat with reduced fat content and low calories, and many people also believe that free-range chickens and their eggs have a high taste flavor. The birds are more resistant to pests and disease because of their improved health.

More than half of the body’s daily protein requirements can be met by a chicken breast from a free-range chicken. Free-range chickens include higher concentrations of other vitamins and minerals, such as potassium, sodium, and vitamins B, D, and A. Free-range chickens frequently contain these nutrients.

Free-range chickens may also require less maintenance than restricted flocks of hens. There is less need for costly feed or additional pellets because the birds forage naturally for a variety of foods.

As they eat weeds, seeds, and all kinds of pests, free-range chickens will also act as a natural pest management for a garden or landscape. Their natural pecking, scratching, and digging will aerate and till soil, and their droppings will provide excellent fertilizer.

How does free-range poultry farming benefit the environment?

The land is fertilized by free-range chickens’ small-scale manure spreaders. In addition to producing organic matter and enhancing fertility, they stir and combine soil and manure as they dig for insects and worms. Over time, the soil’s pH can be raised by the calcium-rich manure of laying hens, which will make it more favorable for highly palatable forages like clovers, vetches, and orchardgrass.

Due to their omnivorous nature and enjoyment of pursuing plant-eating insects like grasshoppers, grubs, beetles, and larvae, free-range chickens can quickly and effectively rid an area of potential pests. These chicks serve as a natural “insecticide” for many of our organic farmers’ flowers and food plants.

What are the health benefits of consuming free-range chicken?

Because the human body cannot synthesize omega 3, it must be obtained through diet, which is why it is referred to as an essential fatty acid. It is crucial for healthy growth and development as well as cognitive function. For every 100 grams of eggs, there are around 109 milligrams of omega-3 essential fatty acids; free-range eggs have considerably more.

The absence of antibiotics in the meat and throughout the animal’s body is another significant advantage of free-range poultry. Contrary to this, chicken raised in industrial settings receives a variety of antibiotic treatments, whereas free-range chickens do not.

It is not surprising that the free-range chickens have more pleasant flavor because they are raised in a healthy environment. The bones also become stronger as a result of the animals’ constant mobility over a broad area.

How does free-range poultry farming affect animal welfare?

Animal welfare is a major problem, and its conceptualization has evolved beyond a simple evaluation of health to include a thorough comprehension of an animal’s emotional condition in relation to its surroundings.

Free-range chickens have the freedom to make decisions based on their needs and preferences, which is consistent with the majority of criteria of animal welfare and matches customer preferences for the farming method.

Free range systems allow outdoor access, which increases the risk of various infections like endo-parasitism and Salmonella infection. Contact with infected feral, wild animals or their excrement is also dangerous. As a result, it’s frequently stated that having access to free-range animals makes it harder to maintain homes free of bacteria or viruses like influenza present in wild birds and increases the risk of parasitism.

How does the taste of free-range chicken compared to commercially raised chicken?

Organic free-range chicken is frequently regarded as tasting better than conventional chicken by consumers. The fact that organic free-range chickens have a higher quality diet than conventional chickens is one potential explanation for why they may taste better. It has been discovered that the flesh of the birds with access to the outdoors and natural shelter was juicier, more tender, and of better texture. It is also thought that, the regular movement that free-range chickens receive helps build their muscles, which produces meat with greater flavor and texture.

What is the difference between free-range and cage-free poultry farming?

Simply explained, the word “cage-free” refers to hens that aren’t kept in small cages and are instead allowed to “freely wander a building, room, or enclosed area during their production cycle with unlimited access to food and fresh water, but do not have access to the outdoors.” A free-range egg, on the other hand, indicates that the hens have some type of access to the outside. It just means that there is a door that a farmer could open at some point; it doesn’t mean, however, that the hens actually go outside or that the outside space is anything more than a small, enclosed area.

How does free-range poultry farming impact farmers and the local economy?

Free-range chickens can be easily sold for cash and act as a safety net against surprises like poor harvests. The livelihood and food security of a low-income household can be further improved as the chicken flock expands by exchanging surplus birds for livestock.

Free-range production of chicken is rapidly expanding in terms of geographic concentration, vertical integration, and connections to international supply networks. In addition to lowering the risks brought on by significant price changes, the farmer gains from economies of scale and lower transaction costs. Free-range despite raising poultry being typically thought of as an adjunct to other forms of subsistence, it actually serves as a means of saving, insurance, and income diversification.

Are there any regulations or certifications for free-range poultry farming?

Yes, legal requirements must be adhered to by free-range poultry farmers. According to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), chickens must have continuous daytime access to open-air runs with vegetation for at least half of their lifetime, and have a specific amount of space (no more than 13 birds per square meter). Therefore, it is essential that farms provide the most natural conditions and adhere to the given restrictions in order to pass the standards for free-range agricultural operations and receive their certification.

How can consumers ensure that the chicken they purchase is truly free-range?

Chickens with the label “free-range” must have had access to the outdoors, according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). However, neither the size of the outside space nor the amount of time the chickens must have access to it is specified in the legislation.

As a result, chickens can be crammed into a small outdoor area for a short period of time each day and yet be considered free-range. Therefore, when purchasing chicken, you should first confirm that it is organically grown before confirming that it was raised in truly free-range settings. When it comes to ensuring that both are true for your chicken meat and your eggs, a local source can actually be the best option.

Are there any disadvantages to free-range poultry farming?

The biggest disadvantage of a free-range poultry farming technique is that there will be less meat and egg output. The reason for this is that the chicken will have increased maintenance requirements for nutrients and energy. In a free-range environment, a chicken will move around more burning down energy instead of converting into meat.

Many various predators will take advantage of free-range chickens. Depending on your location, raccoons, opossums, weasels, foxes, coyotes, bears, and many other night-dwelling animals can easily prey on them. Additionally, they are prey for a variety of daytime predators, such as hawks, eagles, occasionally foxes (during the pupping season), and most domestic animals.

There will most likely be chicken poop blobs on your front porch, your pathway, and everywhere because your free-range chickens want to hang out where you are. You might choose to fence off particular regions if this upsets you.

Nutritional Facts About Blue Chicken Eggs

You know the health benefits of eating eggs, and wondering if there are any special nutrients in blue chicken eggs. Here are the nutritional facts about blue chicken eggs and its benefits to your health.

Nutritional benefits of blue eggs

Blue eggs are particularly nutritious when produced by backyard hens. They have more protein than regular brown and white eggs from breeds of chicken that don’t lay blue eggs. Blue eggs are a great source of protein but they also contain a ton of vitamins like vitamin B2, vitamin K, and vitamin E that will improve your health and well-being over time.

Additionally, the high calcium content in blue eggs is essential for bone growth. In addition to being rich in nutrients, blue eggs also taste better than white and brown chicken eggs. Blue eggs are also lower in fat and cholesterol than regular eggs. In other words, those who are overweight or in danger of becoming obese can eat these eggs without getting sick.

How to include blue eggs in your diet

Cholesterol is contained in all kinds of eggs, even blue eggs. Blue eggs can still be a part of a healthy and balanced diet, but you should limit your intake, especially if you have high blood cholesterol or heart disease.

Eggs are highly adaptable. Although blue eggs are frequently associated with breakfast, they may be eaten in a variety of wonderful ways all day long. Here are some recommendations for including blue eggs in your diet;

1. In a veggie hash

Eat a meal that is rich in complex carbohydrates, additional protein, and healthy fats after cracking one or two blue eggs on top of your cooked vegetables, covering the pan, and letting the eggs sit for a few minutes until they are set.

2. Poached in shakshuka

Another one-pot dish is shakshuka, which consists of tomatoes cooked with onions, peppers, herbs, spices and top with a few blue eggs poached right in the tomato sauce.

3. Scrambled in stir-fry

Adding a few blue eggs to a stir-fry is a simple method to increase the amount of protein in the dish. Even if the recipe you’re using doesn’t specify using blue eggs, you may still scramble some on the side and include them into the finished product.

4. Boiled on top of a salad

A simple salad is a wonderful light breakfast, lunch, or dinner option. There are countless ways to spice up a salad by adding different greens, grains, and toppings, so it’s simple to keep salads tasting new and fresh. Boiling blue eggs as a salad topping is an option. Your salad will have an extra gram of protein even if you only add one boiled blue egg.

Compared to other animal proteins, blue eggs are generally  tastier, and more nutritious. There are several easy methods to include eggs in your diet on a daily basis.

Are Blue Eggs healthier than white eggs?

No, the nutritional value, health, and edibility of blue or white eggshells are the same. However, because eggs from hens reared on pasture are healthier and taste better, blue eggs from your backyard hens will have much more nutrients. The breed of the chicken influences the color of the egg; the health or nutrition of the chicken has no impact on this.

Blue Egg nutrition vs white egg nutrition

  1. These eggs are distinct because they are blue rather than white. Therefore, in addition to being healthy for you to eat, these eggs are also more aesthetically pleasing than regular white chicken eggs.
  2. Blue eggs are safe for maintaining heart health because they contain more nutrients than standard white chicken eggs. Some of the nutrients, including choline and betaine, are not only excellent for promoting heart health but are also completely safe and advantageous for your health and well-being.
  3. White chicken eggs are poorer than blue eggs in flavor. These eggs are distinct from ordinary eggs because of their genuine flavor. Both in terms of flavor and nutrition, blue eggs are rich. 

Top 7 Hybrid Blue Eggs Chicken Breeds

Blue eggs chicken breeds are not a new addition, nor were they developed by humans as part of some bizarre experiment. Blue eggs are a fully natural occurrence. The colors of their eggs reflect how diverse the animal kingdom is. Some birds produce stunning green, brown, and even pink eggs. The blue eggs that birds lay are thought to be among the most beautiful.

Birds that lay blue eggs

The entire egg is blue because the blue oocyanin completely permeates the eggshell. However, regardless of whether the eggshell is blue, dark brown, or any other color, all eggs are wholesome and healthy. Here are some birds that lays blue eggs;

1. Ameraucana


Araucanas are a pure breed of chicken that was first created in the USA from historic South American blue egg-laying breeds. Since the 1970s, they have been acknowledged by the country as a distinct breed. They’ll consistently lay blue eggs. The breed comes in a variety of stunning colors and is friendly and gentle overall, especially the roosters. It is a moderate layer, laying around 3–4 eggs of a medium size every week. Expect your eggs at 18–20 weeks, but be aware that it can be a bit of a slow starter.

2. Araucana


A domestic chicken breed from Chile is known as Araucana. It is believed to have originated in Chile’s Araucana region, and it was first bred in the 1930s in the United States. It lays eggs with blue shells. The Araucana is noted for its highly energizing nature, which may either be translated as exceedingly flighty or extremely interested and friendly toward humans. It produces 250 blue eggs annually. The shells are blue not just on the outside, but also inside.

3. Easter Egger

Easter Egger
Easter Egger

The term “Easter-egger” refers to any hybrid or mixed-breed chicken produced by crossing a bird with the blue-egg (oocyan) gene with a bird that lays brown eggs. It first gained attention in the 1970s. They are a fun variety since you never know for sure until a hen starts to lay what color you will receive—will it be blue? Blue-green? As a result, they are also frequently referred to as Rainbow Layers. Easter Egger chickens have a reputation for being excellent egg layers and can lay roughly four eggs each week. The eggs are often very large in size.

4. Cream Legbar

Cream Legbar
Cream Legbar

Legbar chickens are a rare auto-sexing variety found mostly in Britain. At Cambridge University’s Genetical Institute, Reginald Crundall Punnett and Michael Pease developed it at the start of the 20th century. They are a very energetic and alert breed. Additionally, they fit in well with most environments, and some of them are particularly fluttery. Averaging 4 medium-sized light blue eggs per week, or about 230 eggs annually, Cream Legbars are exceptionally productive layers.

5. Whiting True Blue

Whiting True Blue
Whiting True Blue

A poultry geneticist by the name of Dr. Tom Whiting developed the breed of chickens known as Whiting true blue. They are friendly and have a good tolerance for heat. On the grassland, they thrive. A blue egg is consistently laid by Whiting True Blues. A hen’s likelihood of being set is low and therefore makes great layers. Given proper nourishment, egg size will begin with medium eggs and increase to large eggs. A year will have 280–300 eggs laid by Whiting True Blues.

6. Azure Blue

Azure Blue
Azure Blue

The Azure Blue is a robust and sociable bird that was bred for its distinctive blue eggshell color, shell strength, and distinctive plumage. It is not an old purebred chicken. It was only recently bred with a focus on smallness. They produce beautiful and high-quality eggs, making them perfect for home and small-scale egg producers. Each year, the Azure Blue will lay about 295 eggs.

7. Arkansas Blue

Arkansas Blue
Arkansas Blue

Another recent hybrid is the Arkansas Blue. It is a research breed developed at the University of Arkansas that lays blue eggs and is a mix between a White Leghorn and an Araucana. A superior layer that produces between 250 and 350 eggs annually. They are not suitable for being maintained as pets in the backyard. They are quickly alarmed and don’t get along with people or other chicken species.

Which birds lay blue eggs with brown spots?

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher; This bird is little and has relatively few feathers on its body. The native birds of North America, known as Blue-Gray Gnatcatchers, can be recognized by their long tails. These birds can lay up to five eggs at once during each clutch. These eggs have brown markings all over them and are a light blue tint. These specks can at times also be red. Additionally, these eggs only measure 0.6 inches in length, which is quite little.

What makes the eggs of these chickens blue?

To begin with, every egg is white. Protoporphyrin, a dye that is taken from hemoglobin, is used in the uterus to start the coloring process. The procedure is very different for blue eggs, though. The liver pigment oocyanin begins to mix with the calcium carbonate during the commencement of eggshell production. In this way, the eggs are blue on the inside and out.

Does egg color affect nutritional value?

The nutritional value of chicken eggs primarily depends on the size of the egg and yolk, the chicken’s diet, its health, and how much sun exposure it receives for increased Vitamin D3. No color of egg has a nutritional advantage over any other. The nutrition of an egg can, however, be impacted by a hen’s food and environment.


The fact that several bird species lay blue eggs is something that many people are unaware of. They are therefore plainly surprised when they see a bird with a blue egg. Most often, birds that live in the northern hemisphere of the Earth lay blue eggs because the interior is protected by the colored shell.

Since ancient times, blue chicken eggs have existed. The blue egg-laying birds’ lethal genes, however, caused them to be numbered. A safer method of producing blue eggs has recently been discovered by agricultural scientists. We will undoubtedly encounter new creatures that lay blue eggs in the future.

Top 10 Best Tasting Turkey Breeds

The best tasting turkey breed for you will depend on your preferences since each breed has desirable characteristics. One of the largest species that is regularly found on farms and homesteads is the turkey.

Although their egg-laying rates are generally average to low. Most of these turkey breeds are wonderful for raising as pets, some are good for increasing the aesthetics of your home, and some are suitable for producing meat for commercial purposes.

Even though the majority of turkey varieties provide excellent meat, the results vary depending on the breed. So what’s the best tasting turkey breed for meat? 

List of best tasting turkey breeds

  • Bourbon Red
  • Narragansett
  • Standard Bronze
  • Jersey Buff
  • Midget White
  • Royal Palm
  • Slate
  • Beltsville Small White
  • Black Spanish
  • Blue Slate

1. Bourbon Red

Best Tasting Turkey Breed
Bourbon Red

A domestic turkey breed known as the Bourbon Red is named after Bourbon County in Kentucky and for its distinctive reddish plumage. People typically raise Bourbon Reds for their meat because they are a meat breed.

They are regarded as one of the greatest tasting heritage turkey breeds and are well known and loved for their wonderful, full-flavored flesh.

They have a great flavor, are active, and enjoy foraging. The majority of folks simply roast them without any seasonings; it’s quite simple and they taste fantastic!

2. Narragansett Turkey

Best Tasting Turkey Breed
Narragansett turkey

Narragansett turkeys are known for their calm demeanor, superior meat quality, capacity as good mothers, and superior foraging abilities. It is a type of Meleagris gallopavo descended from a hybrid between the domestic turkey and the eastern wild turkey.

The Narragansett turkey is capable of reproducing and raising young on its own (unlike commercial white turkeys). The eggs will be big and flecked in a light to medium brown color. They are juicy, firm, and tasty. After one bite, you won’t ever eat a farm-raised bird again.

3. Standard Bronze

Best Tasting Turkey Breed
Standard Bronze

Most of American history saw the Bronze turkey as the most popular bird, but by the middle of the 20th century, that popularity had started to decline. They originated from domestic turkeys raised by European colonists and wild turkeys from the eastern United States.

The Standard Bronze turkey has a sweet, delectable flavor and yields copious amounts of white and dark meat that stays moist and flavorful. The flavor of a traditional Christmas is truly present here.

4. Jersey Buff

Best Tasting Turkey Breed
Jersey Buff

A domestic turkey breed from the mid-Atlantic termed the Buff or Jersey Buff is named for its buff-coloured feathers. Although the Jersey Buff turkey breed’s color was helpful for processing due to the virtually white pin feathers, other performance traits were not heavily selected for.

Despite their status as robust, highly prolific birds raised primarily for meat, one advantage of keeping them more as pets is that you can get turkey eggs. In general, Jersey Buffs yield quality eggs.

5. Midget White

Best Tasting Turkey Breed
Midget White

White Midgets are known for their docile and calm personalities. They are frequently maintained as pets and are recommended as starter birds. It is a type of domestic turkey known for its small size and white plumage. The majority of Midget Whites are meat birds, but you can also acquire eggs from them.

They can fly well and are fairly resilient. So, exercise caution since they could take off. The Midget White’s meat is excellent and has a clear, classic turkey flavor without tasting gamey. Because the black meat is so dark, be ready for its rich color and flavor. Each bite is flavorful and satisfying.

6. Royal Palm

Best Tasting Turkey Breed
Royal Palm

A type of domestic turkey is called the Royal Palm. It is typically kept as an ornamental bird and is not primarily selected for the production of meat. When you consider the uniqueness of their appearance and the fact that they are British turkeys, the use of Royal Palm turkeys largely as ornamental birds is not too strange. Royal Palm turkeys are skilled flyers and often not aggressive. They can produce meat for family consumption, though.

7. Slate

Best Tasting Turkey Breed
Slate turkey

A domestic turkey breed called the Slate is named by the color of its feathers, which is slate grey. The Slate turkey is extremely rare; according to some experts, it is almost extinct. Despite being a rare turkey, it has attractive attributes. Excellent flavor and a better and healthier carcass are produced by the meat.

8. Beltsville Small White

Best Tasting Turkey Breed
Beltsville Small White

The turkey breed known as Beltsville Small Whites originated in America. They were created in the middle of the 1930s at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center of the USDA in Maryland. One of the best turkey breeds for meat is the Beltsville Small White, which is primarily a meat breed.

However, you can also obtain a decent number of eggs from them in addition to meat. However, in comparison to other heritage turkey breeds, they are not particularly sociable. They are useful for ornamental purposes in addition to producing meat and eggs.

9. Black Spanish

Best Tasting Turkey Breed
Black Spanish

The domestic turkey breed is known as the black Spanish turkey. It was domesticated from Mexican wild turkeys by the first Spanish explorers to visit the USA and brought back to Europe. Black Spanish turkeys are mostly used for meat.

Chefs and modern consumers praise their meat for its outstanding flavor. They might also give you some eggs. People want to grow and consume healthy turkeys. Turkeys of the Black Spanish kind are robust and active.

10. Blue Slate

Best Tasting Turkey Breed
Blue Slate turkey

Any shade of gray between pure white and black could be used for the Blue Slate. Only the ash-gray variety, meanwhile, is suitable for exhibition. There are suggestions that this breed was developed for its meat and is thought to be a mix between Black Norfolk’s and eastern wild turkeys. Blue Slate turkeys are renowned for their toughness, foraging prowess, and delicious meat (i.e. tasty, firm, and moist).

What temp is chicken done

To get the best taste of chicken you need to know the temperature at which it each part should be cooked, grilled, baked or fried at. what temp is chicken done?

Table of Contents

The safe cooking temperature for all poultry products, including both chicken and turkey, remains constant at 165 degrees Fahrenheit.

What temp is chicken breast done?

The USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) advises cooking entire chickens and chicken parts (such as breasts, legs, thighs, wings, and giblets), ground poultry, and stuffing to 165°F.

What temperature should chicken be cooked to in the oven?

A good rule of thumb is to start roasting a whole chicken at 400 to 425 degrees F, reduce the heat to 350 degrees F after 15 minutes, and continue cooking the chicken until an instant-read thermometer reads 165 to 175 degrees F for the internal temperature.