Vegetables in Ghana are high in nutrients and have a long shelf life. 70% of vegetables in Ghana are grown organically.
If you want to start growing vegetables for the Ghanaian market, export, or just for your own consumption, take a look at this list of vegetables in Ghana we’ve compiled for you.
Here are the 10 fast-growing and high-demanding vegetables to grow in Ghana.
List of vegetables in high demand in Ghana
1. Cabbage farming in Ghana
Cabbage or Brassica oleracea var. capitata farming is very profitable in Ghana. Because of the nature of Ghanaian soil, cabbage can survive almost anywhere in Ghana, making it the best place for crop production. Given that cabbage can grow in any soil, it is always best to amend the soil with compost.
Price of cabbage in Ghana
Price of Cabbage in Ghana
1 kg of Cabbage
Pack of Cabbage
Price at time of article publication
Cabbage varieties in Ghana
List of cabbage varieties in Ghana.
January King Cabbage
2. Onion farming in Ghana
Onion also called Allium cepa production in Ghana makes it one of the most widely consumed vegetables in the country. Onions thrive in Ghana, but they thrive most in lowland areas, valleys, and near dams. From June to October, the southern part of Ghana is known to have the best onion production. Greenhouse technologies, on the other hand, allow onions to be grown all year.
After tomatoes and chili peppers, onions are Ghana’s third most important vegetable crop. Onion is primarily grown under rain-fed conditions, accounting for 75 percent of the annual crop.
Price of a bag of onion in Ghana
Onion price in Ghana
1 kg Onion
50 kg Onion
Vegetables in Ghana
Varieties of onion in Ghana
List of onion varieties in Ghana
3. Pepper or Capsicum farming in Ghana
Ghanaian pepper is ranked 11th in the world and 2nd in Africa. Pepper farming in Ghana is profitable in the sense that a one-acre pepper farm in Ghana is likely to generate a profit of at least GH1250.00 per harvest.
Chili pepper yield per acre in Ghana
Chili pepper yield per acre in Ghana is 8.30 Metric tons per hectare. However, the local market demand and foreign market demand for chili pepper are greater than the production output of chili pepper in Ghana, making it one of the best investment targets in Ghana for pepper farming.
How much is a bag of pepper in Ghana?
The price of pepper in Ghana is ranged from GH₵ 3.00 to GH₵ 45.00. The price varies with the type of pepper and the market location.
Types of Pepper in Ghana
Prices of Pepper in Ghana
Fresh green pepper
Fresh red pepper
Red bell pepper
Yellow bell pepper
Chili powdered pepper
Pepper family vegetables in Ghana
How to make pepper farm
Step 1: First clear your land. At home, you can fill your pots with a loam soil
Step 2: Get your pepper seeds and nurse. You buy the seed from the agro shops.
Step 3: About 3 to 4 weeks, transfer the seedling onto the main site.
Step 4: Water the seedlings.
Step 5: Observe good farm practice; remove weeds, and protect crops from pests and insects.
How long does it take to grow peppers from seed?
Depending on the type of pepper, harvesting fresh pepper usually takes 4 to 5 months.
4. Carrot farming in Ghana
Carrots also known as Daucus carota have a wide range of applications. Carrots are used in food decoration in Ghana, and they can also be used to make soup and carrot juice. Carrots are high in vitamin A, which promotes good vision.
How to grow carrots at home
Prepare your garden, either pots or bare land with good soil.
Get your carrot seeds from a good agro shop.
Sow your carrot seeds. Make sure to give good spacing.
Water your carrots.
Protect the carrots from pests and parasites.
Apply organic manure to enhance growth
Harvest your carrots in 2 to 3 months.
5. Tomato farming
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) farming at home is one profitable crop farming you can homestead. Tomato farming profit is imaginable amazing. A 1 kg of fresh tomato is worth US$ 2.65.
How to grow tomato step by step
Nurse your seeds in a nursing box or piece of land.
Observe a good seedling formation of the tomato.
On the main site, prepare a planting bed with loose soil.
Transfer the tomato seedlings when they grow tall between 2-3 inches.
Irrigate the tomato plant day and night.
Apply manure if the land lacks nutrients.
Stake the tomato; support the tomato plant with sticks to enhance growth and fruiting.
Start picking your tomato fruit between 60 to 100 days.
Store tomato in a cool dry place.
6. Okro farming
Okro the edible Abelmoschus esculentus is a popular vegetable in West Africa. Okro is used in preparing local dishes like okra stew and okra soup.
Helps in bone formation
Dietary fiber for easy digestion
It helps with Anaemia
It helps with weight loss
7. Lettuce farming
Lettuce the annual edible Lactuca sativa is a leafy vegetable with high vitamin C nutrients. Lettuce crops come in four main types. These include crisphead, butterhead, romaine, and loose-leaf. Lettuce can be used in preparing soup, stew, and salad.
5 benefits of vegetables
Vegetables provide nutrients such as vitamin C and A, potassium, iron, and magnesium to the human body.
Vegetables add dietary fiber to food which helps digestion.
Vegetables reduce the rate of constipation when consumed regularly.
Vegetables rich in potassium like beans, spinach, and mushrooms help regulate blood pressure.
Vegetables also help regulate blood sugar.
Organic vegetables in Ghana
Organic vegetables are grown in Ghana with manure made from farm waste and other biodegradable materials, which add more nutrients to the soil and help plants grow. Organic manures such as poultry litter waste, kraal cow dung, rice husks, and other farm waste are used to fertilize crops in Ghana. Vegetable consumers in Ghana are conscious of their intake and make it a priority to eat healthy foods at all times, and there is a high demand for vegetables grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers.