Smart Farming; What are the types of smart farming?

Smart farming is the use of digital tools like the Internet of Things (IoT), Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Drones in managing farms’ daily operations. Smart farming can also be termed digital agriculture or e-agriculture.

Smart Farming

Types of smart farming

1) Digital communications technologies

Digital farming employs the use of digital communication technologies like mobile phones. The use of mobile phones helps in easy access to information over a long distance. Smartphones on the other side allow the use of the internet in accessing extension services via mobile applications and internet connectivity. Smartphones also make it easier for farmers to reach consumers via e-commerce platforms.

2) Digital platforms

Well-known digital platforms like eCommerce platforms, agriculture advisory mobile apps, and e-extension platforms help farmers to get access to one-on-one chat with extension services online, and trading of farm commodities online.

3) Precision agriculture technologies

Precision agriculture technologies enable producers to optimize production with accurate data collection in the field. Precision farming can determine potential yields per given data related to production inputs, environmental conditions, farming techniques, and machine efficiency. Below is a list of precision agriculture technologies.

List of precision agriculture technologies

Sensor technologiesSoil sensors
Food sensors
Guidance and tracking systemsGlobal Positioning System (GPS)
Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
Internet of Things (IoT)
Advanced imaging technologiesSatellite and drone imagery
Temperature gradients
Fertility gradients
Moisture gradients
Automated machineryRobots
Variable-rate input technologiesData Engineering
Automatic section controlIrrigation systems
Humidity controls
Temperature controls

4) Crop management systems

Crop management systems are some of the greatest breakthroughs in smart farming technologies. Greenhouses employ using crop management systems to manage essential elements for high yields in crops like temperature, humidity, and irrigation.

5) Livestock management systems

Large modern farms use livestock management systems to track the nutrition levels of farm animals, monitor their health conditions, and also help detect when farm animals need special attention.

6) Weather forecasting systems

Agriculture activities are one hundred percent on-field engagement. In most developed countries, weather forecasting in agriculture is of high priority such that, experts relay current weather conditions in other to plan an effective production season.

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