Knowing the type of poultry that is profitable in your locality is what we believe keeps your poultry business moving. We look at the type of poultry we have and which is beneficial to invest your resources.
The most common type of poultry practiced at large
Ghana’s poultry industry is dominated by smallholder farmers who produce over 95 percent of the poultry in the country, working with local breeds that are not competitive on modern farms. They depend primarily on backyard farming techniques using low input systems such as locally available feeds mainly from crop residues, household waste, or agro-industrial by-products supplemented with some purchased feed ingredients when necessary.
What are the main types of chicken?
There are two main types of chicken breeds that are used in Ghana’s backyard poultry system, the indigenous chicken and the improved breeds of chickens imported from countries like the USA. The indigenous hen has the ability to forage for its own food, breed naturally, and survive during periods of scarcity but unfortunately, it does not produce many eggs. On the other hand, the improved breeds are more docile in nature, and lay lots of eggs but their major disadvantage is that they are poor foragers thus requiring high input in terms of feed.
Poultry farmers in Ghana keep these birds under extensive farming systems where large numbers are reared either on the range or free-range within a flock.
What are the 3 types of poultry systems in Africa?
Within intensively managed farms across Africa including Ghana, there are three basic types of poultry production systems: broilers, layers, and breeders. In Ghana, the most common commercial farming is for layer birds which are grown on from 21 weeks to around 35- 42 weeks of age at a stocking density that ranges between 1.5-2.0 birds per square meter to produce eggs that are mostly sold in local markets or exported.
Why do farmers choose eggs production in Ghana throughout the year
The egg industry in Ghana is largely concentrated in the Ashanti and Western regions of the country. The Ashanti and the Western region have the highest concentration of egg farmers in Ghana. These two regions are also the most densely populated region in Ghana. It is not surprising to see this happen in Ghana due to the high import and demand for imported frozen chicken over locally produced broiler chicken in terms of pricing. However, pricing depends on the inputs that go into the production.
What type of poultry exists?
Generally, there are three types of poultry one can think about before putting in any form of investment. In simple terms the type of poultry that exists can be categorized as;
- List of 3 types of poultry
- Laying breeds – This type of poultry is kept purposely for its ability to produce more eggs.
- The meat breeds – They are generally termed as a broiler. High in meat production.
- Dual-purpose – Know poultry type capable of laying eggs and also converting feed into body mass for meat.
The general objective was to compare the profitability of different types of poultry farmers prefer to enable incoming farmers to choose the appropriate one for their poultry farm business. Observations and general preferences by most farmers are categorized among groups in terms of feed cost percentage while other expenses such as housing facilities, utilities, and labor costs. There is much preference for egg production in Ghana than meat.
Farmers in rural parts of the country still rely on traditional methods of producing poultry, which can make it difficult for them to make informed decisions about modern poultry production methods. This makes it difficult for them to keep up with changes in the industry and increases their risk of losing their farms to larger companies. It also limits the types of poultry they’re able to raise and sell. But farmers can learn more about modern poultry production methods. Stay in touch on our Facebook Page